The Basics of Permaculture Design

By Ross Mars - 170 pages - 2005 (1996)Back To Booksexternal image 176.jpgdownload from ?? (preview)

Description

"The Basics of Permaculture Design, first published in Australia in 1996, is an excellent introduction to the principles of permaculture, design processes, and the tools needed for designing sustainable gardens, farms, and larger communities.
Packed with useful tips, clear illustrations, and a wealth of experience, it guides you through designs for gardens, urban and rural properties, water harvesting systems, animal systems, permaculture in small spaces like balconies and patios, farms, schools, and ecovillages. This is both a do-ityourself guide for the enthusiast and a useful reference for permaculture designers. Ross Mars is a teacher and environmental consultant. He lives and works in Australia" (from Chelsea or Amazon)

Keywords: allow amount backyard bees Bill Mollison building changes chickens clay climate Companion Planting contour contour lines cool crops cycle dams deciduous direction drains Dumpy level earthworm ecosystems ecovillages electricity elements energy erosion example farm fences Figure fire fodder forest frost fruit trees garden areas garden beds grass greywater ground grow heat herbs hothouse keyline land layer living manure ment metres microclimate minimise mulch natural nity notes Things nutrients orchard paddocks particular Pelton wheels permaculture design permaculture system permaculturists pests placed plants and animals polyculture pond poultry production protect pump rainfall rainwater tank reduce roof seeds shade shelterbelts shrubs slope Solar oven solar panel species stored strategies structure summer sun-facing sunlight surface swales tank temperature Things I need tion trellis usually vegetables vertical village wall water harvesting waterlogged wind windbreaks winter zone


Content

Table of Content

  • Foreword by David Holmgren iii
  1. Permaculture is a direction, not a destination 1
    • what permaculture is and what it is not 1
    • ecosystems 4
    • sustainable land use 7
  2. Maximising the edge 10
    • land-based food production 10
    • water-based food production 14
  3. General design principles 18
    • elements 18
    • zones and succession 19
    • sectors 22
    • microclimate 23
      • frost 24
      • aspect 26
      • reflection and radiation 27
    • designing for catastrophe 28
      • wind 28
      • fire 28
      • abundance of water 31
      • other considerations 31
  4. Steps in the design process 32
    • the design process 32
    • design considerations 34
    • design steps 35
      • information phase 36
      • analysis phase 37
      • design phase 38
    • management phase 41
    • implementing a design 41
  5. Basic tools for the designer 43
    • a designer's field tool kit 43
      • tape measure 43
      • piece of string 43
      • penetrometer 44
      • folding shovel 44
      • magnetic compass 44
      • pH test kit 44
      • salinity meter 45
    • surveying the landscape 45
      • bunyip level 45
      • ``A'' frame level 46
      • dumpy level 47
      • more expensive equipment 47
    • a designer's drawing tool kit 48
      • scale ruler 48
      • light box 48
      • stationery items 48
      • mathematical drawing aids 50
      • drawing paper 50
  6. Basic principles of garden building and management51
    • introduction 51
    • building healthy soil 51
      • the nature of soil 51
      • why mulch? 53
      • soil conditioning and treatments 54
    • integrated pest management 56
    • stacking 60
    • guilds 62
    • other tips for gardeners 63
  7. It's all a matter of location 65
    • location and climate 65
    • choosing a property 67
    • local regulations 70
  8. Getting the house right: zone 0 72
    • the passive solar home 72
    • integrating the house and garden 75
    • retrofitting existing houses 80
  9. Water harvesting 84
    • on the surburban block 84
    • on the farm 86
      • keyline cultivation 86
      • dams 89
      • moving water through drains 90
    • in dry areas 96
  10. Designs for urban settlement 99
    • gardens 99
      • compost 99
      • garden areas 100
      • ponds 102
    • animals 104
      • earthworms 104
      • bees 105
      • poultry 106
    • limited spaces 108
      • balconies and windows 108
      • small backyards 110
      • germinating seed 113
  11. Designing for rural properties 115
    • whole farm plans 115
    • windbreaks and shelterbelts 116
    • animals in the system 122
  12. Permaculture in schools 127
    • a needs analysis 127
    • determining resources 127
    • guidelines for designing school grounds 128
    • practical design considerations 131
  13. Communities 135
    • hamlet - to be or not to be 135
    • design considerations for ecovillages 137
      • bylaws and regulations 137
      • guidelines for land development 138
      • looking at options 139
      • housing structures 142
    • social and legal structures of human settlements 144
  14. Appropriate technology 148
    • generating power 148
      • photovoltaic cells 148
      • wind generators 149
      • hydro-electric systems 151
    • electric fencing 153
    • pumping water 154
      • solar pump 155
      • hydraulic ram 155
    • cooking devices 156
      • solar oven 156
      • solar food dryer 157
      • haybox cooker 157