How to make a Forest Garden

By Patrick Whitefield - 184 pages - 2002 (1992)Back To Booksexternal image 284.jpg download for free from ?? (preview)


"A forest garden is a food-producing garden, based on the model of a natural woodland or forest. It is made up of fruit and nut trees, fruit bushes, perennial vegetables and herbs. It can be tailored to fit any space, from a tiny urban back yard to a large rural garden. A close copy of a natural ecosystem, it is perhaps the most ecologically friendly way of gardening open to us. It is also a low-maintenance way of gardening. Once established there is none of the digging, sowing, planting out and hoeing of the conventional kitchen garden. The main task is picking up the produce. This highly practical, yet inspiring book gives you everything you need to know in order to create a beautiful and productive forest garden. Forest gardening is an important element of permaculture. This book explains in detail permaculture design for temperate climates and contains much of interest for anybody wanting to introduce sustainable practices into their garden." (from Chelsea)

Keywords : allelopathic annual vegetables apples autumn berries blackcurrants Britain bush canopy cherries cherry plum climate clubroot comfrey companion planting compost cooking coppiced cordons crop cultivated disease dwarfing early eaten edge edible elder espalier especially fat hen fertility flavour flowers forest garden fruit trees full Sun gooseberries green ground grow grown harvesting hazels hedge herbs kind kiwi leaf leaves legumes less light manure mature metres microclimate mulch native nitrogen nursery nuts onions orchards organic matter ornamental pears perennial plants perennial vegetables permaculture pests picking plant nutrients plums pollination possible problem produce pruning ramsons ripen roots rootstock salad sea beet sea kale season seed self-fertile self-seed self-seeders shrub layer shrubs slugs soft fruit soil space spinach spring suitable summer tall taste trees and shrubs usually varieties vegetable layer vigorous wall weeds Welsh onion wild plants wildlife wind windbreak winter wood woodland yield (from Googlebooks)


  1. Basic principles
  2. Layout
  3. How to choose plants
  4. Details of over one hundred plants, from apples to mushrooms
  5. The most comprehensive account of perennial and self-seeding vegetables in print
  6. A step-by-step guide to creating your garden
  7. Full details of an example garden, and pictures of many more

Table of Content

Introduction: What is a Forest Garden?
  1. Why Grow a Forest Garden?
    1. A natural way of gardening
    2. Yield of food
    3. How a forest garden works
    4. What kind of food?
    5. The easy life
    6. Other benefits
    7. Home garden or market garden?
  2. The Forest Garden Community
    1. The layers
    2. The tree layer
    3. The shrub layer
    4. The vegetable layer
  3. Putting Things Together
    1. The land and the people
    2. Light and shade
    3. Access
    4. Co-operation and competition
    5. Succession
    6. Microclimate
    7. Soil
    8. Models
  4. Home-Grown Resources
    1. Plant nutrients
    2. Mulch material
    3. Water
    4. Pest and weed control
  5. Preparation, Planting and Maintenance
    1. Mulching
    2. Preparation
    3. Planting
    4. Maintenance
  6. Choosing Plants
    1. Climate, microclimate and soil
    2. Choosing vegetables
    3. Choosing fruit varieties
  7. The Trees
    1. The obvious ones
    2. The less obvious ones
    3. The doubtful ones
  8. The Shrubs
    1. The obvious ones
    2. The less obvious ones
    3. Growing a native shrubbery
  9. The Vegetables
    1. Greens
    2. Salads
    3. Others
  10. Designing a Forest Garden
    1. Collecting information
    2. Recording
    3. Evaluation
    4. Design
    5. A sample design: Tricia's garden
Weights and Measures
Further Reading
List of Suppliers
Plant Index
Subject Index